Evolution of metabolic novelty: A trichome-expressed invertase creates specialized metabolic diversity in wild tomato

Plants produce a myriad of taxonomically restricted specialized metabolites. This diversity—and our ability to correlate genotype with phenotype—makes the evolution of these ecologically and medicinally important compounds interesting and experimentally tractable. Trichomes of tomato and other nightshade family plants produce structurally diverse protective compounds termed acylsugars. While cultivated tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) strictly accumulates acylsucroses, the South American wild relative Solanum pennellii produces copious amounts of acylglucoses. Genetic, transgenic, and biochemical dissection of the S. pennellii acylglucose biosynthetic pathway identified a trichome gland cell–expressed invertase-like enzyme that hydrolyzes acylsucroses (Sopen03g040490). This enzyme acts on the pyranose ring–acylated acylsucroses found in the wild tomato but not on the furanose ring–decorated acylsucroses of cultivated tomato. These results show that modification of the core acylsucrose biosynthetic pathway leading to loss of furanose ring acylation set the stage for co-option of a general metabolic enzyme to produce a new class of protective compounds. Plants synthesize hundreds of ...

A mix of clouds and sun with gusty winds. High 78F. Winds S at 25 to

A mix of clouds and sun with gusty winds. High 78F. Winds S at 25 to 35 mph. Winds could occasionally gust over 40 mph.. Partly cloudy skies this evening will give way to occasional showers overnight. Thunder possible. Low 48F. Winds NW at 10 to 15 mph. Chance of rain 50%. Here are the Nebraska by Heart creations so far with locations and artists’ statements on the pieces. At the end: a map of where the hearts are located. Artist’s statement: Referring to King Solomon: “For the king had a fleet of ships of Tarshish at sea with fleet of Hiram. Once every three years the fleet of ships of Tarshish used to come bringing gold, silver, ivory, apes and peacocks.” 1 Kings 10:22 The peacock was given to the king as an object of splendor and opulence. A gift to gain favor. The display of feathers is a glory in nature. The shape of a heart lends itself to an image of the spreading feathers of a peacock. Each year the peacock loses the tail feathers and re-grows new feathers for the next mating season. Art has interpreted the peacock with many different approaches. Realism to the abstract. Taking artistic license with elements of design. My approach was to bring both into...

Fail Of The Week: Solid State Relay Fails Spectacularly

A lot of times these days, it seems like we hackers are a little like kids in a candy store. With so many cool devices available for pennies at the click of a mouse, it’s temptingly easy to order first and ask questions about quality later. Most of the time that works out just fine, with the main risk of sourcing a dodgy component being a ruined afternoon of hacking when a part fails. The stakes are much higher when you’re connecting your project to the house mains, though, as [Mattias Wandel] recently learned when the solid-state relay controlling his water heater failed, with nearly tragic results. With aplomb that defies the fact that he just discovered that he nearly burned his house down, [Mattias] tours the scene of the crime and delivers a postmortem of the victim, a Fotek SSR-25DA. It appears that he mounted it well and gave it a decent heatsink, but the thing immolated itself just the same. The only remnant of the relay’s PCB left intact was the triac mounted to the rear plate. [Mattias] suspects the PCB traces heated up when he returned from vacation and the water heater it was controlling came on; with a tank full of cold water, both elements were needed and enough cu...

Different types of steel products, their properties and applications in the building and construction industry

Copyright © 2019 Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. All rights reserved. For reprint rights: Times Syndication Service Choose your reason below and click on the Report button. This will alert our moderators to take action Roll Forming Machine, Cold Roll Forming Machine, Cold Forming Machine – Gihua,https://www.steelrollform.com/

E-Scrap and Printed Circuit Board (PCB) E-Scrap Market: Competitive Landscape and Recent Industry Development Analysis 2016 – 2026

With more and more advances in terms of technology, the demand for electrical and electronic equipment has grown drastically. Consistent innovations in the field of electrical and electronics technologies have further cut down the overall life of these products. This has led to more generation of e-waste. E-waste chiefly consists of computers, laptops, television sets, mobile phones, and other household electronic devices. The global market for e-scrap and printed circuited board e-scrap could be segmented in terms of the different types of source and by type. The global market could also be segmented in terms of geography as well. Such in depth and precise segmentation of the global e-scrap and printed circuited board e-scrap market offered by the report helps in grasping the all-round growth prospects and the future outlook of the different segments of the market and thus, helping the potential buyers to make informed decisions while investing in the market. The report on e-scrap and printed circuited board e-scrap market provides the analysis and forecast on regional as well as global level. It offers historical data of the year 2015 along with the anticipated data of 2016, a...

Sandy Saulsbury has a posse of apple-peeling, apple-slicing and apple-crisp-assembling friends who help her make hundreds

Sandy Saulsbury has a posse of apple-peeling, apple-slicing and apple-crisp-assembling friends who help her make hundreds of frozen apple crisp desserts that are sold at craft fairs — and from her deep freeze — every fall. “We make them as long as we have apples and the energy,” said Saulsbury, who is 83 and shows no sign of slowing down. From 1990 to 2004 she and her late husband, Jimmy, owned and operated Jimmy Appleseed Orchard in Spicer. “We worked really hard at the orchard, but it was a lot of fun,” she said. Her grandchildren grew up there. After a devastating hail storm hit the orchard in 1996, the Saulsbury’s and their crew of employees, family members and friends started making apple pies and apple crisp with the damaged apples. After they sold the orchard in 2004, they made apple crisps from their home and scaled back their production considerably. Jimmy died in 2017 but Sandy continues to make apple crisps with the help of her long-time friends who join her in her tidy garage a couple days each week during apple season. While John Scheevel uses a battery-powered drill to turn the apple peeler and his wife, Connie, cuts away any brown spots from the apples, Sandy is a...

Podcast 193: Understanding Permeability, Insulating Behind Fiberboard Sheathing, and Building a Patio Door

Follow the Fine Homebuilding Podcast on your favorite app. Subscribe now and don’t miss an episode: We he heard about Matt’s rain barrel water woes, Dave from Charlottesville, Va. wrote in to tell us about a special rain barrel spigot available from Amazon with a built-in bulkhead fitting and large waterway. New Jersey architect Douglas Batterby wrote in response to recent discussions about insulating masonry buildings. He reminds us that a home’s floor system helps masonry walls resist soil pressure. Tyler from Williamsburg, Va. wants to know how a WRB can resist water, but still allow drying. Ryan from Michigan asks how to insulate a brick-veneer house with fiberboard sheathing. Spenser in Ontario wants to know if he can build his own French patio door and Dave asks about airsealing the gap where the wall sheathing meets the foundation. Dave from Charlottesville writes, FHB team – I’m no expert, but we’ve got three rainbarrels behind our carport (two purchased 65 gal barrels, plus a 50 gal former pickle barrel that fell off a truck near my house). Here’s a tip for Matt so he gets better volume from his setup: use a quarter-turn ball-valve spigot like RAINPAL RBS005 Brass Water...

Converting to LED lights: everything you need to know | Life and style

I’m 100% LED now – even my fridge light is LED. You don’t need to go that far – I’m a little obsessed! It has taken me a couple of years of learning to get it right. The most important lesson has been light ‘temperature’. This is measured in Kelvin (you’ll find it on the packet of any light bulb). I like a warm white, much like the old-fashioned tungsten bulbs. This is about 2700 Kelvin (K). It’s interesting that folks from colder climates tend to favour a warm light, while folks from hotter climates prefer something more white or blue. Now I understand the colour I like, I generally get the right bulb each time. One of the reasons I switched to LED is that I have solar panels on my roof, which contribute to the electricity demand of my house during the day. However after I bought a real-time energy meter I quickly learned that I was using a crazy amount of electricity at night – when my panels don’t help. With a bit of investigation I realised my lighting was drawing a lot of electricity. But my electricity bill for my three-bedroom house is now £7 a month, and upgrading my lighting played a big role in that. Eve...

Spartanburg County land transfers, 4-30-19 – News – GoUpstate

Gavin I Abernathy, to, Xanthus Holdings LLC, $102,000, Tract, 1.4ac, 2905 Landrum Mill Rd, Campobello The Wright Trust, etal, to, Charles M & Mary B Steele, $650,000, Lot 2, 10.1ac, 40 Sandwich Ln, Campobello, Picnic Hill Subd Michael T & Amanda G Blackwell, to, Stephen D & Judith A Sitton, $349,900, Lot, 8.667ac, 2060 Melvin Hill Rd, Campobello Landrum Partners LLC, to, Enchanted Construction LLC, $26,000, Lot 45, 0.73ac, 530 Canewood Ln, Campobello, Cane Creek Subd Enchanted Construction LLC, to, Maria C & Kenneth D Wilson, $310,500, Lot 46, 0.6ac, 520 Canewood Ln, Campobello, Cane Creek Subd James W & Amanda R Boyd, to, Randy T Ridings, $177,000, Lot 112, 3.81ac, 1301 Foster Rd, Inman, Wilkins Hills Subd Newman & Sims Development Inc, to, Enchanted Construction LLC, $25,000, Lots 4 & 31, Foster Place Subd Andrew J & Mary C Bauer, to, Dianne Crawford, $225,000, P/O Lot 76, 1.6ac, 113 Timberlake Cir, Inman, Timberlake Subd Philip M Deschene, to, Manning V & Laura E McGraw, $140,000, Lot 34, 0.21ac, Oliver Dr, Inman, O R Burns Subd Doyce S Cannon Jr, to, Manning V & Laura E McGraw, $625,000, Lots 35 & 36, 302 Oliver Dr, Inman, O R Burn...

Shop Mindy Kaling’s Statement BaubleBar Earrings for Just $44

Comedy queen Mindy Kaling wears a lot of hats — from film producer and director to actress to new mom, it’s no doubt that she has her hands full with a successful career and fulfilling personal life. Add in style star, body-positivity advocate, and aspiring home chef, and one can only be left wondering how she has the same amount of hours in a day as everyone else. Just last week, Mindy took to Instagram to share a three-minute ‘Chef Mindy’ tutorial on homemade samosas — and not only did she leave us drooling over the recipe, but we couldn’t help but notice her eye-catching tassel statement earrings as well! For her hilarious and mouth-watering video, Mindy wore a super cute pink and red colorblock sweater (one of the biggest color combo trends of the season) and matching fringe tassel earrings. Upon further digging, we discovered that Mindy’s bold pink earrings aren’t just adorable, but they’re also ridiculously affordable (just $44!) and happen to be from one of our favorite celebrity-loved jewelry brands: BaubleBar! With such good prices and gorgeous jewelry pieces, it’s no wonder stylish stars such as Rita Ora, Julia Roberts, Jessica Alba, and Meghan Markle (just to name a f...

Disposable Blood Bags Market 2019 by leading Manufacturer: AdvaCare Pharma, Fresenius Kabi AG, Grifols

New York City, NY: Oct 14, 2019 – Published via (Wired Release) – The global Disposable Blood Bags market is comprehensively researched and analyzed in the report by MarketResearch.Biz to help out market players to improve their business plans and ensure long-term success. The study includes of 100+ market data Graphs & Figures, Disposable Blood Bags Pie Chart, and Tables. The report has an in-depth analysis and is easy to understand. Currently, the Disposable Blood Bags market is increasing its presence. The Research report shows a complete evaluation of the market and has ongoing growth factors, upcoming trends, facts, attentive opinions, and market data verified by the Disposable Blood Bags industry. The report offers a forecast for global Disposable Blood Bags Market till 2028. Disposable Blood Bags market report offers a comprehensive outlook of current trends and new product launch in the global Disposable Blood Bags market. Featuring worldwide and regional data and over leading key players profiles, this report serves the ultimate guide to exploring opportunities in the Disposable Blood Bags industry globally. The author of the report has used simple language and unco...

Sichuan Yahua commences 20,000-mt lithium hydroxide and carbonate production line-Shanghai Metals Market

Home > News > Company News > Sichuan Yahua commences 20,000-mt lithium hydroxide and carbonate production line SHANGHAI, Jun 25 (SMM) – Sichuan Yahua Industrial Group commenced a battery-grade lithium hydroxide and carbonate production line with annual capacity of 20,000 mt on Tuesday June 25. With an investment of 790 million yuan, the project, located in Ya’an city of Sichuan province, is also designed to produce 46,000 mt of anhydrous sodium sulphate in a year. SHANGHAI, Jun 25 (SMM) – Sichuan Yahua Industrial Group commenced a battery-grade lithium hydroxide and carbonate production line with annual capacity of 20,000 mt on Tuesday June 25. With an investment of 790 million yuan, the project, located in Ya’an city of Sichuan province, is also designed to produce 46,000 mt of anhydrous sodium sulphate in a year. Caustic Soda South Africa Caustic Soda, Caustic Soda Flakes, Soda Ash, Sodium Sulfide, Pvc Resin – Jiahengyuan,https://www.jiahengyuanchem.com/

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